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Baker Street
Template:R-I Template:R-I Template:R-I Template:R-I
File:BakerStEntrance.JPG

Station entrance

LocationMarylebone
Local authorityCity of Westminster
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms10
Fare zone1
Template:AbbrMarylebone (National Rail) [1]

London Underground annual entry and exit
200611px 23.837 million[2]
200711px 24.01 million[3]
200811px 24.61 million[4]
200911px 25.637 million[5]

1863 (1863)Opened (MR)
1868Opened (MR platforms to north)
1906Opened (BS&WR, as terminus)
1907Extended (BSWR - Marylebone)
1939Started (Bakerloo to Stanmore)
1961Ended (Met to Aylesbury)
1979Ended (Bakerloo to Stanmore)
1979Started (Jubilee Line)
1990Ended (Met to H'smith/Barking)
1990Started (Hammersmith & City)

Lists of stations*DLR
Template:Portal-inlineCoordinates: 51°31′19″N 0°09′25″W / 51.522°N 0.157°W / 51.522; -0.157

Baker Street tube station is a station on the London Underground located at the junction of Baker Street and the Marylebone Road. The station lies in Travelcard Zone 1 and is served by five different lines. It is one of the original stations of the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the world's first underground railway, opened in 1863.[6]

On the Circle and Hammersmith & City Lines it is between Great Portland Street and Edgware Road. On the Metropolitan Line it is between Great Portland Street and Finchley Road. On the Bakerloo Line it is between Regent's Park and Marylebone and on the Jubilee Line it is between Bond Street and St. John's Wood.

LocationEdit

The station is located on Baker Street (Bakerloo and Jubilee), Chiltern Street (Circle and Hammersmith & City, ticket holders only, others may enter via Metropolitan station) and Marylebone Road (Metropolitan) in Marylebone, London. Nearby attractions include Regents Park, Lord's Cricket Ground, and Madame Tussauds.

HistoryEdit

File:MG 2813.jpg
File:Baker Street tube roundel.jpg

Baker Street station was opened by the MR on 10 January 1863 (these platforms are now served by the Circle and Hammersmith & City lines).[6] On 13 April 1868, the MR opened the first section of Metropolitan and St John's Wood Railway as a branch from its existing route. This line, serving the open-air platforms, was steadily extended to Willesden Green and northwards finally reaching Aylesbury Town and Verney Junction (some 50 miles from Baker Street) in 1892. The MR station mainly competed for traffic with Euston, where the LNWR provided local services to Middlesex and Watford and later with Marylebone, where the GCR provided expresses to Aylesbury and beyond on the same line.

Over the next few decades this section of the station saw much rebuilding to provide four platforms. The current Metropolitan line layout largely dates from 1925 and the bulk of the surface buildings, designed by the architect Charles Clark, also date from this period.

The Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) opened on 10 March 1906, with Baker Street as the initial northern terminus of the line before it was extended to Marylebone station on 27 March 1907.[6] The original station building was located on Baker Street and served the tube platforms with lifts but these were supplemented with escalators in 1914, linking the Metropolitan line and the Bakerloo line platforms by a new concourse excavated under the Metropolitan line.[7]

On 20 November 1939, following the construction of an additional southbound platform and connecting tube tunnels between Baker Street and Finchley Road stations, the Bakerloo line took over Metropolitan line's stopping services between Finchley Road and Wembley Park and its Stanmore branch. The current Bakerloo ticket hall and escalators to the lower concourse were provided in conjunction with the new service.[8] The Jubilee line added an extra northbound platform and replaced the Bakerloo line service to Stanmore from its opening on 1 May 1979.[6]

On 23 August 1973, a bomb was found in a carrier bag in the ticket hall. The bomb was defused by the bomb squad. A week later, on 30 August a member of staff found another bomb left on the over-bridge. Again, it was defused without any injury.

TodayEdit

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File:BakerStTilework fxcr wb.jpg

Of the MR's original stations, the sub-surface Circle and Hammersmith and City line platforms are the best-preserved. Plaques along the platform show old plans and photographs of the station.

The station layout is rather complex. The sub-surface station is connected to the open-air Metropolitan line station. This is a terminus for some Metropolitan line trains, but there is also a connecting curve that joins to the Circle line just beyond the platforms that allows Metropolitan line trains to run to Aldgate in the City of London.

Below this is a deep-level tube station for the Bakerloo and Jubilee lines. These are arranged in a cross-platform interchange, and there are connections between the two lines just to the north of the station. With ten platforms overall, Baker Street has the most London Underground platforms of any station on the network.

Outside the Marylebone Road exits, a large statue of Sherlock Holmes commemorates the fictional detective's association with 221B Baker Street. A restoration in the 1980s on the oldest portion of the Baker Street station brought it back to something similar to its 1863 appearance.

The station is operated by the Metropolitan Line management team. Offices of the line are within the vicinity of the station.

Although not suggested as an interchange on tube maps, Baker Street is about 300m from Marylebone station, where there are National Rail services to Aylesbury, Birmingham, Shropshire and Wrexham. It is often easier to walk to Marylebone from Baker Street rather than going to the deep-level station for the Bakerloo line then returning to surface level again after one stop.


Nearby AttractionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Template:Citation London station interchange May 2010
  2. Template:Citation London Underground performance exits 2003 to 2011
  3. Template:Citation London Underground performance exits 2003 to 2011
  4. Template:Citation London Underground performance exits 2003 to 2011
  5. Template:Citation London Underground performance exits 2003 to 2011
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  7. Horne, Mike (2001). The Bakerloo Line: An Illustrated History. Capital Transport, 38. ISBN 1-85414-248-8. 
  8. Horne, Mike (2001). The Bakerloo Line: An Illustrated History. Capital Transport, 48. ISBN 1-85414-248-8. 

Transport linksEdit

London bus routes 2, 13, 18, 27, 30, 74, 82, 113, 139, 189, 205, 274, 453 and night route N13, N18 and N74.

External linksEdit

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Template:Baker Street navboxar:بيكر ستريت (محطة مترو أنفاق لندن) da:Baker Street Station de:Baker Street (London Underground) fa:ایستگاه خیابان بیکر fr:Baker Street (métro de Londres) gan:北可斯集杜站 it:Baker Street (Metropolitana di Londra) ka:ბეიკერ სტრიტი (მეტროსადგური) ms:Stesen tiub Baker Street nl:Baker Street (metrostation) ja:ベイカー・ストリート駅 no:Baker Street undergrunnsstasjon pl:Baker Street (stacja metra) pt:Baker Street (Metropolitano de Londres) ru:Бейкер-стрит (станция метро) simple:Baker Street tube station sk:Baker Street (stanica metra) fi:Baker Streetin metroasema zh:貝克街站

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