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Barbican
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File:Barbican station entrance.JPG

Entrance with Barbican highwalk above

LocationBarbican
Local authorityCity of London
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms2
Fare zone1

London Underground annual entry and exit
20048.542 million[1]
20079.559 million[2]
200810.03 million[3]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2006–070.045 million[4]

1865 (1865)Opened

Lists of stations*DLR
Template:Portal-inline
Template:Portal-inlineCoordinates: 51°31′13″N 0°05′52″W / 51.5202°N 0.0977°W / 51.5202; -0.0977

Barbican is a London Underground station serving the Barbican Estate and Centre in the City of London. It is on the Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines between Farringdon and Moorgate, in Travelcard Zone 1. Thameslink trains to and from Moorgate via Barbican ceased in March 2009.

HistoryEdit

The station was first called "Aldersgate Street", this being the name of the street on which it stands. This changed to "Aldersgate" on 1 November 1910, then to "Aldersgate and Barbican" in 1923, and to the present name from 1 December 1968.

The station replaced an earlier building at 134 Aldersgate Street, which for many years had a sign claiming "This was Shakespeare's House".[5] Although the building was very close to the nearby Fortune Playhouse, there is no documentary evidence that Shakespeare lived here; a subsidy roll from 1598 shows a "William Shakespeare" as owner of the property, but there is nothing to indicate that it is the playwright. On the road opposite the station, within the Golden Lane Estate, is a pub called "The Shakespeare".

On 14 April 1914, the body of seven-year-old Margaret Nally was found in the ladies' cloakroom at what was then Aldersgate Street Station; she had been sexually assaulted and suffocated with a cloth pushed down her throat.[6]

A display on the history of the station, including text and photographs, is just inside the barriers, on the southern side of the main entrance corridor.

In late March 2009, Thameslink trains ceased to call at Barbican. This was part of the Thameslink Programme to allow Farringdon to have its mainline platforms extended across Thameslink's Moorgate branch.[7] As a result, Barbican is no longer a multimodal station.

LayoutEdit

The station lies in an east-west-aligned trench with cut-and-cover tunnels at either end. The modern entrance gives access from Aldersgate Street, through a 1990s building, to a much older footbridge leading to the eastern end of the platforms. To the north are backs of buildings that face on to Charterhouse Street and Charterhouse Square. To the south are the backs of buildings that face on to Long Lane. To the west is Hayne Street.

The station is mostly open to the elements, though there are some short canopies. The remains of the supporting structure for a glass canopy over all four platforms (removed in the 1950s) may still clearly be seen.
File:Barbicantubestation.jpg
At the west end of the central island is a disused signal box. Also from this end of the platforms may be seen the beginnings of the complex of tunnels leading under Smithfield meat market. Livestock for the market was at one time delivered by rail and there was a substantial goods yard under the market.

Platform 1 is the most northerly, serving eastbound LUL services. Platforms 2 and 3 form an island platform. Platform 2 serves westbound LUL services. Platforms 3 and 4 are out of use, since Thameslink trains no longer work the Moorgate branch.

FutureEdit

When Crossrail is built, the Farringdon eastern ticket hall will be just to the west of Barbican station, and an interchange will be built here.[8] This will involve significant changes at the western end of the station, including the demolition of the former signal box and the provision of a new footbridge spanning the tracks.[9]

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°31′13″N 0°05′52″W / 51.5202°N 0.0977°W / 51.5202; -0.0977

GalleryEdit

Service patternsEdit

<tr style="text-align: center;"> <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 1px #aaa solid; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">Terminus </td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #{{{{{system}}} color|{{{line}}}}}"></td> <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">{{{{{system}}} lines|{{{line}}}}}</td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #{{{{{system}}} color|{{{line}}}}}"></td><td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 1px #aaa solid; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">Terminus </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"> <td rowspan="2" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 1px #aaa solid; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">

</td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #FFCE00"></td> <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">Circle line</td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #FFCE00"></td>

<td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 1px #aaa solid; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">

</td> </tr>

<tr style="text-align: center;">

<td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #D799AF"></td> <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">Hammersmith & City line</td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #D799AF"></td>

<td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 1px #aaa solid; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">

</td> </tr>

<tr style="text-align: center;">

<td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 1px #aaa solid; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">

</td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #751056"></td> <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">Metropolitan line</td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #751056"></td>

<td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 1px #aaa solid; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">

</td> </tr>


    Disused Railways    
Farringdon
towards Bedford
  First Capital Connect
Thameslink
Peak Hours Only
  Moorgate
Terminus

Transport linksEdit

London bus routes 4, 56, 100 and 153.

ReferencesEdit

ar:باربيكان (محطة مترو أنفاق لندن)

da:Barbican Station de:Bahnhof Barbican fr:Barbican (métro de Londres) gan:巴比嵌站 ka:ბარბიკენი (სადგური) nl:Barbican (metrostation) ja:バービカン駅 no:Barbican stasjon ru:Барбакан (станция метро) simple:Barbican tube station

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