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See also: Bournemouth West railway station
Bournemouth
Bournemouth
Location
PlaceBournemouth
Local authorityBournemouth
Grid referenceTemplate:Gbmapscaled
Operations
Station codeBMH
Managed bySouth West Trains
Platforms in use4
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail
Annual rail passenger usage
2004/05 * 2.199 million
2005/06 *11px2.121 million
2006/07 *11px2.310 million
2007/08 *11px2.456 million
2008/09 *11px2.739 million
History
Pre-groupingLondon and South Western Railway
Post-groupingSouthern Railway
20 July 1885Opened (Bournemouth East)
1 May 1899Renamed (Bournemouth Central)
10 July 1967Renamed (Bournemouth)
National Rail - UK railway stations
Template:Hide in print
* Annual passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Bournemouth from Office of Rail Regulation statistics.
Template:Portal frameless

Bournemouth railway station, originally known as Bournemouth East (1885 to 1899) and then Bournemouth Central (1899 to 1967), is the main railway station serving the town of Bournemouth in Dorset, England. It is located on the South Western Main Line from London Waterloo to Weymouth. British Transport Police maintain a complement of Rail Community Officers at the station.[1]

As Bournemouth East station, it was previously on another site (1870 to 1885) – see Bournemouth East original railway station.

History Edit

File:Bournemouth Central 2 Station 1861518 0b641180.jpg

The station was designed by William Jacob, chief engineer of the London and South Western Railway, and opened on 20 July 1885 as Bournemouth East replacing the original station of the same name which was located on the other side of Holdenhurst Road.[2] The station was located some distance away from the town centre on the insistence of town authorities of the time. It was renamed Bournemouth Central on 1 May 1899 and became Bournemouth on 10 July 1967 following the closure of Bournemouth West. By 1967 third rail electrification had reached Bournemouth and continued beyond to Branksome and Bournemouth Depot but no further. From the end of steam most trains were formed of 4REP EMUs coupled up with one or more unpowered 4TC units. The 4TC units would be uncoupled at Bournemouth and attached to a Class 33/1 diesel locomotive for the onward journey to Weymouth. This continued until the electrification of the line from Branksome to Weymouth and the introduction of Wessex Electric units in 1988. The end of steam also saw the removal of the station's centre tracks which ran between the up and down lines serving platforms 2 and 3 respectively and the demolition of the locomotive sheds located to the west; the station car park is now located on this site.

The station roof was severely damaged by the Great Storm of 1987 that hit the South of England. It was extensively refurbished in 2000 by Railtrack after many years of disrepair and being surrounded by scaffolding to protect people from falling debris.

Ticket barriers were installed in 2008.

The current Bournemouth railway station is the centre of, what was once, a small network featuring 5 different railway lines - South West Main Line, Southampton and Dorchester Railway, Ringwood, Christchurch and Bournemouth Railway, Salisbury and Dorset Junction Railway and Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway all of which passed through Bournemouth and surrounding villages. Please see Template: Bournemouth Lines for a map of these lines.

Layout Edit

The station has four platforms:

  • Platform 1 – east facing bay platform capable of accommodating trains of up to 4 20-metre coaches. Template:As of there are no scheduled services from this platform.[3]
  • Platform 2 – for through services to the east towards Southampton & London.
  • Platforms 3 and 4 – for terminating services from London and through services towards Poole and Weymouth. Platform 4 is rarely used by trains in passenger service.

Platforms 3 and 4 are continuous, and both can accommodate full-length trains. This means Bournemouth has one of the longest platforms in the country. Other stations with this arrangement include Gloucester, Cambridge and Edinburgh Waverley.

Motive power depotEdit

File:Bournemouth Central railway station 2115342 984e330b.jpg

A small locomotive depot was opened at Bournemouth East in 1870, but closed in 1883.[4] This was replaced by a larger shed, adjacent to Bournemouth Central station, in 1883. This in turn was supplemented by another shed nearby in 1888. In 1921, the 1883 shed was closed and the 1888 one was extended to increase capacity, and between 1936 and 1938 this was rebuilt and enlarged. The new shed included a Category:Aldwych Branch The Short Streach Of Line Between Holborn And Aldwych Was Closed In 1994.The Line Was Due To be extended to Waterloo but never was.There will be a bit of Aldwych In My Website when added turntable and a Template:Convert/lt hoist. However the facilities remained cramped and awkwardly sited there were proposals to move the depot to Branksome which were never implemented. This site therefore remained in use until June 1967 when the site was cleared.[5]

Services Edit

File:Bournemouth 221131.jpg

Rail Edit

The station is primarily served by South West Trains, who operate fast and semi-fast trains from Waterloo to Weymouth, and stopping services from London Waterloo to Poole. In addition, CrossCountry operate services from Bournemouth to Manchester. There is one CrossCountry service Monday to Saturday only from Nottingham but no return service. On Sundays the CrossCountry services are to and from Edinburgh.

Preceding station 12px National Rail Following station
Brockenhurst   CrossCountry
Bournemouth-Manchester
  Terminus
  CrossCountry
Bournemouth-Edinburgh
 
Brockenhurst
or
Southampton Central
  South West Trains
London-Weymouth express services
  Branksome or Terminus
Pokesdown   South West Trains
London-Weymouth semi-fast services
  Poole
Pokesdown   South West Trains
London-Poole stopping services
  Branksome

Connex South Central used to operate a London Victoria-Bournemouth service, but this was truncated at Southampton and is now operated by Southern. The service was one of the few regular services to use platform 1.

Bus Edit

Bournemouth railway station also serves as a hub for local bus services. On the down side of the station is Bournemouth Travel Interchange which is served by Wilts & Dorset and Yellow Buses, both companies operate frequent services to the town centre. A regular bus service to Bournemouth Airport, the Bournemouth Airport Shuttle, is operated by Discover Dorset. It is also a stop on National Express coach routes which serve the town.

Gallery Edit

References Edit

Template:Commons category

  1. http://www.southwesttrains.co.uk/SWTrains/TravelInformation/Safety+and+security/
  2. Bournemouth Central
  3. Mortimer, Simon (2007). Baywatch (4th edition). Kentrail Enthusiasts Group. 
  4. Griffiths, Roger; Paul Smith (1999). The directory of British engine sheds 1. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co, 50. ISBN 0 86093 542 6. 
  5. Hawkins, Chris; George Reeve (1979). An historical survey of Southern sheds. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co, 15. ISBN 0 86093 020 3. 

Coordinates: 50°43′41″N 1°51′50″W / 50.728°N 1.864°W / 50.728; -1.864 Template:Dorset railway stations

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