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Cambridge
Cambridge
Cambridge railway station, front entrance
Location
PlaceCambridge
Local authorityCambridge
CoordinatesTemplate:Coord/display/inline,title
Grid referenceTemplate:Gbmapscaled
Operations
Station codeCBG
Managed byGreater Anglia
Platforms in use8
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail
Annual rail passenger usage
2004/05 *11px 6.060 million
2005/06 *11px 6.137 million
2006/07 *11px 6.522 million
2007/08 *11px 6.998 million
2008/09 *11px 7.572 million
History
Opened 1845 (1845)
National Rail - UK railway stations
Template:Hide in print
* Annual passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Cambridge from Office of Rail Regulation statistics.
Template:Portal frameless
File:Cambridge Station panoramic view northward in early Diesel days geograph-2397822-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg

Cambridge railway station serves the city of Cambridge in eastern England. It stands at the end of Station Road, off Hills Road, 1 mile south-east of the city centre. It is the busiest railway station in the East of England, used by 7.66 million passengers in 2009/10.

Several routes start at the station including the West Anglia Main Line to London Liverpool Street, the Fen Line to King's Lynn, the Breckland Line to Norwich, services to Ipswich on the Ipswich to Ely Line, and the Cambridge Line, heading southwards and following an alternate route, to London King's Cross, via Hitchin. These routes are electrified at 25 kV AC overhead, except for the Ipswich to Ely and Cambridge to Norwich lines, which are diesel-operated. The station has the third-longest platform in England. Ticket barriers are in operation.

History Edit

The Eastern Counties Railway opened to Cambridge in 1845. The station building, with its long classical façade and porte-cochère (infilled during the 20th century), has been attributed to both Sancton Wood and Francis Thompson[1] and is listed Grade II. The long platform (platforms 1 and 4) is typical of its period but was unusual in that (apart from a brief period in the mid-19th century) it was not supplemented by another through platform until platforms 7 and 8 were added in 2011. There were major platform lengthenings and remodellings of the main building in 1863 and 1908. The station layout was altered in 1896 by deviating the Newmarket line approaches.

The University of Cambridge helped block later 19th-century attempts to create a central station.[2] It also took powers to prevent undergraduates travelling by train.[citation needed]

Historically, services from the station included:

  • Great Northern Railway
    • Services to London King's Cross via Hitchin, including the Cambridge Buffet Car Expresses

Each of the four companies also had its own goods facilities in the station area, and, except for the M.R., its own motive power depot. The G.E.R. maintained a special locomotive for the Royal Train here. Under the London and North Eastern Railway in the 1920s signal boxes in the station area were converted to electric operation.

The line from Bishop's Stortford to Cambridge was electrified by British Rail in 1987, enabling electric trains to operate between Liverpool Street and Cambridge.
File:365538 at Cambridge Rail Station.JPG

When the link to Stansted Airport from London Liverpool Street opened in 1991 the Hitchin-Cambridge Line became more important; all non-stop trains now take this route to London Kings Cross, reducing congestion on the very busy stretch of the West Anglia Main Line between London Liverpool Street and Bishop's Stortford.

File:Spiller's Mill after the fire, from Hills Road railway bridge - geograph.org.uk - 1777835.jpg

The "CB1" area in front of the station buildings had been due for redevelopment by Ashwell Property Group. In December 2009 the developers went bankrupt and reformed under the name Brookgate. Part of the redevelopment scheme had included a £1 million contribution towards the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway scheme passing through the area.[3]

Platforms Edit


Platform 8
Platform 7



Platform 4
Platform 5
  Platform 1
Platform 2

    Station building    


Platform 6 Platform 3

Plan of current platforms[4]

At Template:Convert/yd, Cambridge has the third-longest railway platform in the UK, after Colchester and Gloucester. This platform is divided into Platforms 1 and 4 with a scissors crossover in the middle to divide it in two, which allows trains from either direction to pass those already stopped there. Bay platforms exist at both ends of the station: Platforms 2 and 3 at the southern end of the station and Platforms 5 and 6 at the northern end). Platforms 7 and 8 are located on an island platform on the eastern side of the station. These came into use in December 2011.[5]

Platform 1 is a 12-car bi-directional through platform generally used for northbound services to Ely, King's Lynn and Birmingham New Street. It is also used for some early morning southbound services to London King's Cross and London Liverpool Street and for some late evening terminating services.

Platforms 2 (10-car) and 3 (8-car) are south-facing bay platforms generally used for services to and from London King's Cross or London Liverpool Street (with some Sunday services to Stratford).

Platform 4 is a bi-directional 10-car through platform generally used for northbound services to Ely, King's Lynn and Birmingham New Street. It is also used for some early morning southbound services to London King's Cross and London Liverpool Street and for some terminating late evening services.

Platform 5 is a 6-car north-facing bay platform generally used for services to and from Norwich (and occasional services to and from Birmingham New Street).

Platform 6 is a 6-car north-facing bay platform used for services to and from Ipswich (with occasional services to and from Harwich International).

Platforms 7 and 8 are bi-directional 12-car through platforms generally used for southbound services to London King's Cross, London Liverpool Street and Stansted Airport. These platforms are also used for longer terminating trains from London Liverpool Street and London King's Cross.

.[6]

Services Edit

Template:Railways around Cambridge Cambridge is served by several operators.

  • First Capital Connect serves the station as part of its service from London King's Cross. This uses Class 317 or Class 365 electric multiple units. Class 365 units usually work the Cambridge Cruiser and semi-fast services.
    • The "Cambridge Cruiser" (termed 'Cambridge Express' from London) runs non-stop between London King's Cross and Cambridge. There is an hourly service in each direction.
    • There are also hourly semi-fast trains between Cambridge and London, calling at Royston, Baldock, Letchworth Garden City, Hitchin, Stevenage and Finsbury Park.
    • There is an hourly stopping train to London King's Cross, calling at all stations between Foxton and Hitchin, then Stevenage, Knebworth, Welwyn North, Welwyn Garden City, Hatfield, Potters Bar and Finsbury Park.
      • At London King's Cross, stopping trains are often displayed as operating to Foxton, the last station before Cambridge, though the train does actually continue in service to Cambridge. This is done when users will arrive earlier by waiting for the next non-stop service. Likewise, stopping trains from Cambridge to King's Cross are often displayed as running to Finsbury Park.
    • Travelling northbound, there are hourly FCC services to Fen Line stations, calling at Waterbeach, Ely, Littleport, Downham Market, Watlington and King's Lynn. Off-peak these trains run non-stop between Cambridge and King's Cross; during peak hours additional stops are usually made. Some of these additional stops were phased out in FCC's May 2009 'Seats for You' timetable, since in some cases extra trains now run to call at the stops removed, such as Royston and Letchworth Garden City.
    • In total there are approximately 3 FCC trains per hour each way between Cambridge and London Kings Cross.[8]
Preceding station 12px National Rail Following station
Ely   CrossCountry
Birmingham - Stansted Airport
  Audley End
Terminus style="background:#Template:Dutchflyer colour; border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   Dutchflyer
Cambridge - Amsterdam
style="background:#Template:Dutchflyer colour;border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   Dullingham
London King's Cross   First Capital Connect
Cambridge Cruiser
  Waterbeach
or Terminus

<tr style="text-align: center;">

<td rowspan="" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 1px #aaa solid; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">

</td> <td rowspan="" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #F400A1"></td>

<td rowspan="" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">First Capital Connect
Great Northern semi-fast
</td>

<td rowspan="" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #F400A1"></td> <td rowspan="" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 1px #aaa solid; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">Terminus </td> </tr>

<tr style="text-align: center;">

<td rowspan="" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 1px #aaa solid; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">

</td> <td rowspan="" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #F400A1"></td>

<td rowspan="" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">First Capital Connect
Great Northern stopping
</td>

<td rowspan="" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #F400A1"></td> <td rowspan="" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 1px #aaa solid; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">Terminus </td> </tr>

{{{previous}}}   Greater Anglia
Breckland Line
  Ely
  Greater Anglia
Ipswich to Ely Line
  Dullingham
Whittlesford Parkway   Greater Anglia
West Anglia Main Line Semi Fast
  Terminus
Shelford   Greater Anglia
West Anglia Main Line stopping
 
Disused railways
Lord's Bridge style="background:#Template:BR(E) colour; border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   British Railways
Varsity Line
style="background:#Template:BR(E) colour;border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   Terminus
Harston style="background:#Template:BR(E) colour; border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   British Railways
Hitchin-Cambridge Line
style="background:#Template:BR(E) colour;border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   Terminus
Histon style="background:#Template:GER colour; border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   Great Eastern Railway
Cambridge and Huntingdon railway
style="background:#Template:GER colour;border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   Terminus
Barnwell Junction style="background:#Template:GER colour; border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   Great Eastern Railway style="background:#Template:GER colour;border-top:solid 1px gray; " |   Terminus

Transport links Edit

Several bus services stop outside the main station building, linking the railway with the city centre and other parts of Cambridge, including Addenbrooke's Hospital. Buses also travel from the station out of the city to Sawston, Saffron Walden and Imperial War Museum Duxford to the south and Histon and Impington and Cottenham to the north. A taxi rank and a large area for bicycle parking are also located outside the station, although only a small number of free spaces are available for cycles. Bicycle rental is available from a shop adjacent to the station.

Gallery Edit

Template:Panorama

References Edit

  1. Biddle, Gordon (1983). The Railway Heritage of Britain. London: Michael Joseph. ISBN 978-0-7181-2355-0. 
  2. Gray, Adrian (1976). "Cambridge’s quest for a central station". Journal of the Railway and Canal Historical Society 22: 22–4. 
  3. Template:Cite news
  4. Biggest revamp to Cambridge station in 160 years begins
  5. Template:Cite news
  6. Enhancements programme: statement of scope, outputs and milestones. Network Rail (31 March 2009). Retrieved on 20 August 2009.
  7. Birmingham-Leicester-Cambridge-Stansted CrossCounty Timetable
  8. First Capital Connect Timetables

Bibliography Edit

  • Fellows, Reginald B. (1976). London to Cambridge by Train 1845-1938. Oleander Press.  ISBN 0-902675-65-6
  • Fellows, Reginald B. (1976). Railways to Cambridge, actual and proposed. Oleander Press. ISBN 0-902675-62-1.  ISBN 0-902675-62-1
  • Gordon, D. I. (1977). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Vol. V, The Eastern Counties. David & Charles.  ISBN 0-7153-7431-1
  • Spendlove, Richard (1978). Cambridge and its Branch Lines. 
  • Warren, Alan and Phillips, Ralph (1987). Cambridge Station: a tribute. British Rail. 
  • Bonavia, Michael R. (1996). The Cambridge Line. Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-2333-6.  ISBN 0-7110-2333-6
  • Skelsey, Geoffrey (2005). ""Of great public advantage": aspects of Cambridge and its railways 1845–2005". Backtrack 19: 400–6,501–6,573–4. 

External links Edit

Template:Commonscat-inline

Template:West Anglia Main Line navboxfr:Gare de Cambridge nl:Station Cambridge pl:Cambridge (stacja kolejowa)

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