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Cardiff Central
Caerdydd Canolog
Cardiff Central
Frontage of Cardiff Central station
Location
PlaceCardiff
Local authorityCity and County of Cardiff
CoordinatesTemplate:Coord/display/inline,title
Operations
Station codeCDF
Managed byArriva Trains Wales
Owned byNetwork Rail
Platforms in use7
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail
Annual rail passenger usage
2004/05 *  7.743 million
2005/06 *11px 8.358 million
2006/07 *11px 9.127 million
2007/08 *11px 9.875 million
2008/09 *11px 10.485 million
History
1850
1932
Opened
Rebuilt
National Rail - UK railway stations
Template:Hide in print
* Annual passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Cardiff Central from Office of Rail Regulation statistics.
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Template:Cardiff Lines

See also: Rail transport in Cardiff

Cardiff Central railway station (Template:Lang-cy) is a major British railway station on the South Wales Main Line in Cardiff, Wales.

It is the largest and busiest station in Cardiff itself and in Wales. It is one of the major stations of the British rail network, being the tenth busiest station in the United Kingdom outside of London (30th busiest overall), based on 2007/08 total entries and exits.[1]

It is located near the Millennium Stadium in the city centre and is one of 20 railway stations in the city and one of two in the city centre, the other being Cardiff Queen Street which are both the hubs of the Valley Lines urban rail network with several lines in Cardiff and the surrounding valleys.

Cardiff Central is a Grade II listed building managed by Arriva Trains Wales who also operate services to West Wales, Holyhead, Crewe and Manchester. First Great Western run intercity services to Bristol and London, and regional services to Bath, Taunton, Southampton and Portsmouth, whilst CrossCountry operates trains to Gloucester, Birmingham, Nottingham and Edinburgh. Cardiff Central serves as an interchange between the rest of South and West Wales to major British towns and cities. The station currently handles more trains per day than London Paddington.[citation needed]

British Transport Police maintain a presence at Cardiff Central.[2] In December 2009, the force announced a three-month pilot scheme to arm officers at the station, as well as in London and Manchester, with stun guns.[3]

History Edit

In the early 1840s the South Wales Railway were trying to find a suitable site for a new railway station, however, the area that is now Cardiff Central railway station was prone to flooding. It was Isambard Kingdom Brunel's solution to divert the River Taff further to the west, this created a larger and safer site for the building of the new railway station.[4]

The station was opened by the South Wales Railway in 1850. Its successor company, the Great Western Railway (GWR), rebuilt it in 1932 as is marked by the name carved onto the façade (larger than the name of the station). As a result of representations by the GWR, a nearby working-class district, Temperance Town, was cleared during the late 1930s in order to improve the outlook of the new station.[5] The formerly separate Cardiff Riverside suburban station of 1893 was integrated into the main station in 1940 but its platforms ceased to be used for passenger traffic in the 1960s.[6]

The station was renamed from Cardiff General on 7 May 1973.[7]


Station layout Edit

There are two entrances to the station. The northern main entrance leads to the station's main concourse and is on Central Square, the railway station plaza which accommodates Cardiff Central bus station,[8] a multi-storey car park and two main city centre taxi ranks. In the panorama on exiting this way, three main city centre landmarks are visible: the Millennium Stadium, Stadium House and Southgate House.[9]

The southern entrance is at the rear of the station on Tresillian Way, accessed from St. Mary Street, where the station's pay and display car park is found.

The railway tracks are above the station's concourses. Two subways, one each at the eastern and western side of the station, run parallel under the tracks linking the two main entrances from which the platforms are accessed by stairs and lifts, with the exception of Platform 0 which is accessed from the main concourse near Marks and Spencers. From both entrances, a valid ticket is required to pass through a barrier and gain access to the platforms.

Facilities Edit

The majority of facilities are located on the main concourse and include ticket desks and machines, cash machines, an information desk, LED departures and arrivals screens, public telephones, WCs, a W H Smith branch, an Upper Crust take away, a sandwich bar, a Marks and Spencer Simply Food store and a branch of Burger King (on Central Square). The station has the only First Class waiting room in Wales.[10][11]

Additionally, toilets, vending machines, departures and arrivals screens and waiting rooms are found on all islands. Another Upper Crust café is situated between Platforms 1 and 2.

Cycle parking is available in the Wood Street car park and at the end of Platform 3b. Cycles can be taken on most trains without a reservation, unless on CrossCountry services and rush hour trains to London Paddington when a reservation must be made at least two hours before departure.

Platforms Edit

Cardiff Central currently has seven platforms, numbered 0, 1, 2, 3a/b, 4a/b, 6 and 7. There is no longer, despite signage, a Platform 5; this was previously a west-facing bay platform situated between Platforms 4 and 6.[12]

Platforms 3 and 4 are divided into 'A' and 'B' sections and are capable of holding two local trains or a single HST train, other platforms at the station can be used by more than one train, but these platforms are not separately sectioned.

Platform 6 is used for Valley Lines services to the north and east of Cardiff and to the Valleys. Every single train that departs from Platform 6 will call at Cardiff Queen Street. Likewise, Valley Line services coming from Cardiff Queen Street call at Platform 7 and continue to North West Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan.

Platforms are generally used for the same services but can change if it is not available. The normal pattern is the following.



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Cardiff Central bus station Edit

Template:Refimprovesect

Main article: Cardiff Central bus station

Cardiff Central bus station is the central point of reference for all local and national bus services in Cardiff. The terminal contains six covered ranks on the north side for most Cardiff Bus as well as other services such as EST buses. Long-distance services to the valleys and coach services, e.g. TrawsCambria and National Express, run from rank A at the north end. Stops either side of Wood Street, which runs alongside the main terminal, are used mainly for departures to Barry, Penarth, Heath Hospital, Cardiff Bay, Caerau, Ely and Tremorfa.

The railway station also has a dedicated bus stop on the south side of the station, referred to as "rear of the station" by station staff. On National Rail departure boards this is sometimes referred to as Cardiff Central Bus Stn CCB. The stop is also used for Rail Replacement services and Cardiff Bus BayCar service.

Buses run weekdays from early morning (around 05:00) to late at night, the last services leaving at 23:20 on almost all major routes.

Cardiff International Airport rail link Edit

Template:Refimprovesect Cardiff International Airport is situated 12 miles east of Cardiff city centre. In 2005, a section of the Vale of Glamorgan Line was re-opened between Barry and Bridgend. Ever since, there have been services to Rhoose Cardiff International Airport railway station once every hour for most of the day (Monday-Saturday) and a two-hourly service on Sunday. At the airport station, passengers must take additional transport. There is a free shuttle provided to take passengers to the main terminal. Buses to and from the airport appear on the National Rail Enquiries website. However, the service is currently threatened with closure, with the airport's funding being removed from 31 May 2010. [13]

Future plans Edit

Template:Refimprovesect Traffic levels on the London Paddington route are rising faster than national average, with continued increases predicted. The now defunct Strategic Rail Authority produced a Route Utilisation Strategy (RUS) for the Great Western Main Line in 2005 to propose ways of meeting this demand, Network Rail plan to implement a new study in 2008. In the meantime, their 2007 Business Plan includes the provision of resignalling and line speed improvements in South Wales, most of which would be delivered in 2010-2014. In addition to this, extra platform capacity at Cardiff Central will be introduced in the form of reopening of the bay platform (Platform 5[14]) and a new through platform to the south of the station (Platforms 8).[15]

Gallery Edit

Preceding station 12px National Rail Following station
Cardiff Queen Street   Arriva Trains Wales

Coryton - Cardiff Queen Street - Radyr

  Ninian Park
Terminus   Arriva Trains Wales
<p style="background:#c0c0c0">Cardiff Central - Ebbw Vale Parkway
  Rogerstone
  Arriva Trains Wales
<p style="background:#996600">Maesteg Line
  Pontyclun
Cardiff Queen Street   Arriva Trains Wales
<p style="background:#cc3300">Merthyr Line
  Terminus
Cardiff Queen Street   Arriva Trains Wales
<p style="background:#996699">Rhondda Line
  Terminus
  Arriva Trains Wales
<p style="background:#33cc00">Rhymney Line
 
Terminus   Arriva Trains Wales
<p style="background:#0099cc">Vale Line
  Grangetown
Newport   Arriva Trains Wales
Cardiff Central - Cheltenham Spa
  Terminus
  Arriva Trains Wales
Cardiff - Holyhead
 
Newport   Arriva Trains Wales
Cardiff Central - Manchester Piccadilly
  Terminus
  Arriva Trains Wales
South Wales Main Line
  Bridgend
Newport   Arriva Trains Wales
North-South "Premier" service
  Terminus
Terminus   CrossCountry
Cross Country Network
  Newport
  CrossCountry
Cardiff Central - Nottingham
 
Terminus   First Great Western
London Paddington - Cardiff Central
  Newport
Bridgend   First Great Western
London Paddington - Swansea
 
Terminus   First Great Western
Cardiff Central - Portsmouth Harbour
  Newport
  First Great Western
Cardiff Central - Taunton
 

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/upload/xls/station_usage_0708.xls - UK Railway Stations Passenger Usage 2007/08 - Office of the Rail Regulator
  2. British Transport Police, Wales & Western Area
  3. http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/cardiff-news/2009/12/08/rail-police-issued-with-stun-guns-91466-25347555/
  4. Cardiff Arms Park, A short History - The Creation of the Arms Park. Cardiff Council. Retrieved on 2008-05-22.
  5. Fisk, Stephen (June 2009). Abandoned Communities - Temperance Town. Retrieved on 2009-11-03.
  6. Barrie, D.S.M. (1980). South Wales. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0715379704. 
  7. Cardiff Timeline
  8. http://www.cardiffwalesmap.com/CardiffCentralRailwayStation.htm
  9. http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?sourceid=navclient&hl=en-GB&rlz=1T4GGLL_en-GB&q=cardiff%20central%20station%20view&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl
  10. http://www.firstgreatwestern.co.uk/Content.aspx?id=1980
  11. http://www.virgintrains.co.uk/routes-stations/first-class-lounges/
  12. Potential reinstatement of this platform is mentioned on page 10 of Network Rail's route plan for the Valley Lines [1]
  13. http://web.archive.org/20110718112513/walesairnetwork.wordpress.com/2010/04/09/cardiff-airport-shuttle-bus-to-be-brought-to-a-halt/
  14. Wales Route Utilisation Strategy Page 91: an additional (bay) platform at Cardiff Central for Maesteg/GWML services, notionally Platform 5
  15. Wales Route Utilisation Strategy Page 91: creation of four through platforms for Valleys services at Queen Street and Cardiff Central stations, to cater for up to 16 trains per hour capability through the central corridor

External links Edit

Template:Commonscat-inline

Template:Cardiff, Newport and the Valleys railway stations Template:Major railway stations in Britain Template:Transport in Cardiffcy:Caerdydd Canolog nl:Station Cardiff Central

pl:Cardiff Central

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