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Hammersmith and City
Colour on map Red
Year opened 1980
Line type {{{DeepOrSurface}}}
Rolling stock S stock
Stations served {{{StationsServed}}}
Length (km) {{{LengthKm}}}
Length (miles) {{{LengthMiles}}}
Depots Hammersmith
Journeys made {{{AnnualPassengers}}} (per annum)
Rail lines of
Transport for London
London Underground lines
  Bakerloo
  Central
  Circle
  District
  Hammersmith & City
  Jubilee
  Metropolitan
  Northern
  Piccadilly
  Victoria
  Waterloo & City
Other lines
  Docklands Light Railway
  Tramlink
  Overground

}} The Hammersmith & City line is a subsurface London Underground line, coloured salmon pink on the London Underground Map, connecting Hammersmith in west London and Barking in east London. Formerly part of the Metropolitan line, it includes the oldest underground railway in the world. The section between Paddington and Farringdon, which opened on 10 January 1863, was the initial part of the London Underground.

The original Hammersmith & City line opened on 13 June 1864, although Hammersmith station itself moved to a different location in 1868. With the exception of the two-stop Waterloo & City line and the East London Line (which is now a London Overground service), it has been the least used line on the Underground. It ranks 10th of the 11 lines in passenger numbers. Out of the 29 stations served, 10 have Hammersmith & City line platforms that are wholly or almost wholly below ground, all in1 cut-and-cover, while those at Paddington, Edgware Road, Farringdon, Barbican and Whitechapel are in cuttings or under train-sheds albeit below street level.

Since December 2009 the route between Hammersmith and Liverpool Street has been supplemented by the Circle line. With this change, the Hammersmith & City line no longer has any stations unique to it.

HistoryEdit

The current Hammersmith & City line was originally a branch of the Metropolitan line until 1988, though in later years it was usually operated as a separate line, with the sections not used by regular Metropolitan line trains (from Hammersmith to Baker Street and from Liverpool Street to Barking) not included on the main Metropolitan line maps. This is also reflected in the line's use of C Stock as opposed to the A Stock used on the 'main' Metropolitan line.

The name Hammersmith & City derives from the Hammersmith and City Railway (H&CR), the 5 km (Template:Convert/mi) section between Hammersmith (Grove Road) railway station and Westbourne Park that opened in 1864, which was built and operated jointly by the Metropolitan and Great Western Railways until 1868. Though now part of the Underground network, this section is an elevated railway, largely built on brick arches and bridges.

Because the name change of the route to the separate identity of the Hammersmith & City line is relatively recent, there are many stations with tiling or enamel maps that still show that they are served by the Metropolitan line, e.g. Bromley-by-Bow station, shared by the H&C and the District line. The Metropolitan line no longer has any interchange with the District.

Rolling stockEdit

All Hammersmith & City line trains are in the distinctive London Underground livery of red, white and blue and are formed of C Stock. The line shares trains with the Circle and District (Wimbledon-Edgware Road branch) lines. Starting in 2011, the C Stock used on the Hammersmith & City and Circle lines will be replaced by new S Stock trains, which will also replace the District line's D Stock and the Metropolitan line's A Stock.

MapEdit

Map of the line before the new Wood Lane station was added and before Shepherd's Bush (H&C) was renamed Shepherd's Bush Market.

StationsEdit

Template:Hammersmith & City line RDT

File:C Stock at Wood Lane.JPG

in order from west to east

Station Image Opened Additional information
Hammersmith Handicapped/disabled access 50px 1 December 1868 Original station opened 13 June 1864, change for Circle linemap 1
Goldhawk Road 50px 1 April 1914 map 2
Shepherd's Bush Market 50px 1 April 1914 Opened as Shepherd's Bush on 13 June 1864map 3
Wood Lane Handicapped/disabled access 50px 12 October 2008 Change for Central line at White City map 4
Latimer Road 50px 16 December 1868 map 5
Ladbroke Grove 50px 13 June 1864 Originally called Notting Hill, renamed Notting Hill & Ladbroke Grove in 1880, renamed Ladbroke Grove (North Kensington) on 1 June 1919, current name is from 1938map 6
Westbourne Park 50px 1 February 1866 map 7
Royal Oak 50px 30 October 1871 map 8
Paddington 12px (10px Trains to Heathrow) 50px 1 December 1913 map 9
Edgware Road 50px 1 October 1863 map 10
Baker Street 50px 10 January 1863 map 11
Great Portland Street 50px 10 January 1863 Originally Portland Roadmap 12
Euston Square (12px Euston) 50px 1863 Originally Gower Streetmap 13
King's Cross St Pancras Handicapped/disabled access 12px (10px Trains to Gatwick and Luton) 50px 1863 map 14
Farringdon 12px (10px Trains to Gatwick and Luton) 50px 10 January 1863 map 15
Barbican 50px 1865 Opened as Aldersgate Street, renamed to Aldersgate in 1910, renamed Aldersgate and Barbican in 1923, current name is from 1968map 16
Moorgate 12px 50px 1865 map 17
Liverpool Street 12px (10px Trains to Stansted) 50px 12 July 1875 Opened as Bishopsgate, renamed 1 November 1909map 18
Aldgate East 50px 6 October 1884 map 19
Whitechapel 50px 6 October 1884 map 20
Stepney Green 50px 1902 map 21
Mile End 50px 1902 map 22
Bow Road 50px 1902 map 23
Bromley-by-Bow 50px 1858 Service for the Hammersmith and City line began in 1936map 24
West Ham Handicapped/disabled access 12px 50px 1 February 1901 New centre siding to be constructed for Hammersmith and City line trainsmap 25
Plaistow 50px 1858 Service for the Hammersmith and City line began in 1936map 26
Upton Park 50px 1877 Service for the Hammersmith and City line began in 1936map 27
East Ham Handicapped/disabled access 50px 1858 Service for the Hammersmith and City line began in 1988map 28
Barking 12px Handicapped/disabled access 50px 1854 Service for the Hammersmith and City line began in 1936map 29

Changes in December 2009Edit

Between Hammersmith and Edgware Road, the service has been supplemented by Circle line trains since 13 December 2009, when that route changed from its previous orbital route. This is intended to cause fewer delays since, under the previous Circle line arrangements, one delayed train would affect all following trains. Having a terminus at Edgware Road, rather than the continuous orbital route, will avoid this.

The Hammersmith & City line continues to run as a separate route, with trains running to Barking and Plaistow in the east. The headway on the Hammersmith - Edgware Road leg has been reduced from seven to four minutes by this schedule change,[1] and the alternation of Hammersmith & City with Circle trains will now provide 12 trains per hour at peak times on this section, doubling the previous frequency.

DepotsEdit

There is one depot, Hammersmith,map 30 which is located close to the Hammersmith station. However, that depot can only do minor work and other work may be done at the Neasden Depot.[2]map 31

MapsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Circle line victory. London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham. Retrieved on 2009-05-20.
  2. London Underground Key Facts. Transport for London. Retrieved on 2008-05-21.

External linksEdit

Template:Commons category


ca:Hammersmith & City Line cs:Hammersmith & City Line (linka metra v Londýně) da:Hammersmith & City line de:Hammersmith & City Line es:Hammersmith & City Line fr:Hammersmith & City line gan:咸摩斯密史&實第線 hi:हैमरस्मिथ ऐंड सिटी लाइन it:Hammersmith & City Line ka:ჰამერსმით-ენდ-სიტის ხაზი hu:Hammersmith & City line nl:Hammersmith & City Line ja:ハマースミス&シティー線 no:Hammersmith & City-linjen nn:Hammersmith & City-linja pl:Hammersmith & City Line pt:Hammersmith & City line ru:Хаммерсмит-энд-Сити simple:Hammersmith & City line sk:Hammersmith & City Line sr:Хамерсмит и Сити линија fi:Hammersmith & City Line th:สายแฮมเมอร์สมิธและซิตี

zh:漢默史密斯及城市線

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