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London Buses route 137

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35px London Buses
137
370px
Management
Operated by Arriva London
Garage Brixton
Vehicle DAF DB250LF / Wright Pulsar Gemini
PVR 27
Route
Start Oxford Circus
Via Marble Arch
Hyde Park Corner
Knightsbridge
Sloane Square
Battersea
Clapham Common
End Streatham Hill
Length 8 miles (12 km)
Service
Level Daily
Frequency About every 6-10 minutes
Journey time 36-73 minutes
Day 4:59am until 11:57pm
'Night Night Bus N137
Adult single fares
Oyster 90p
Cash £2.00
peak vehicle requirement
Transport for LondonPerformance

London Buses route 137 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, United Kingdom. The service is currently contracted to Arriva London.

HistoryEdit

Todays Route 137 traces its roots back to a service numbered 536, which was introduced in 1925 by the "Independent operator" "City". It supplemented the long established route 36. The 536 group of routes ran as follows: 536 Highgate (Underground Station) - West Wickham ; 536A Highgate - Southend Village; 536C Highgate - Elmers End. These services were later taken over by London Transport.

As from 3 October 1934, the newly constituted London Passenger Transport Board instituted its own numbering system. Route 536, which by then had developed into a self-contained route was renumbered 137, running as a daily service between Highgate (Archway Station) and Elmers End via Kentish Town, Camden Town, Euston, Oxford Circus, Marble Arch, Hyde Park Corner, Victoria, Vauxhall, Camberwell, Peckham, New Cross, Brockley Rise, Catford and Beckenham. The route was further extended on Sundays to West Wickham. This was the fifth time that the route number 137 had been used on a London bus route.

London Transport soon set about reducing duplication of services. The 137 duplicated tram route 19 between Camden Town and Highgate (Archway Station). Therefore it was withdrawn on Monday to Friday evenings as from 30 October 1935. The Sunday extension to West Wickham was also withdrawn as from 12 April 1935. Six months later on 7 October 1936, the 137 was withdrawn between Catford Garage and Elmers End and re-routed to Bromley (Chatterton Arms). One journey was also extended via Bromley Common, Keston, Biggin Hill to Westerham Hill. At the same time the Monday to Friday evening service to Highgate (Archway Station) was re-instated.

As from 8 September 1937, the 137 became much more of the route that it is today. It was withdrawn between Hyde Park Corner and Bromley /Westerham. This withdrawal of an established service was very unpopular with the travelling public and was only re-instated fouteen years later when a route 36A was introduced on 7 October 1951. Sections of the withdrawn part of the route were covered by a re-routed 21A and a newly introduced 89. The 137 was re-routed to Clapham Common via Knightsbridge, Sloane Square, Chelsea Bridge, Queens Road now Queenstown Road to Clapham Common replacing tram route 32 (Chelsea Bridge - Clapham Common) which was withdrawn at the same time. On 4 May 1938, the 137 became a daily Highgate (Archway Station) - Crystal Palace route, when it was further extended to Crystal Palace via Streatham and Upper Norwood.

Following the outbreak of the Second World War on 3 September 1939, most bus services in London were subject to restrictions, many of which were still in operation after hostilities ceased in 1945. The evening service on the 137 was withdrawn between Clapham Common and Crystal Palace from 29 November 1939 until 23 January 1940. As from 28 October 1942, evening service was withdrawn between Knightsbridge and Highgate (Archway Station). 1942 also saw the first use of RT type vehicles on the route. RTs continued to appear on the route until the late 1970s. Service was totally withdrawn on Saturdays PM and all day Sundays between Oxford Circus & Archway as from 27 October 1943.

By the end of 1946, the wartime restrictions had been relaxed and the route settled down to run daily between Crystal Palace and Oxford Circus, extended Monday to Friday except evenings and Saturdays until 14:00 via Camden Town to Archway Station. This operation became very stable and remained so until 1987. Although small change did occur on 24 January 1970, when the Saturday service was brought into line with the Monday Friday service, operating to Archway Station until 19:00.

In 1951 the Festival of Britain was celebrated. One of the many special services introduced was a service "B" which ran between Sloane Square and the Festival Gardens at Battersea Park. This service ran every summer until the late 1970s, It was re-numbered 137A as from 16 April 1954, being converted to one person operation as from 1973.

In 1987 a period of frequent route changes was ushered in. On 7 February, a small re-routing at Clapham Park was introduced, the 137 swapped a short section of route with the 118 to serve Brixton Garage, enabling easier crew change-overs. At the same time, the Sunday service was converted to one-person operation. Later that year, on 21 November, the 137 was withdrawn north of Oxford Circus, with this section being given over to a new route 135.

As from 2 February 1991, as part of a scheme to increase one-person operation, the 137 was withdrawn completely between Crystal Palace and Streatham Hill (Brixton Garage). This section was covered by a new 137A, which was also extended from Streatham Hill to Oxford Circus in the evenings and on Sundays, replacing the 137 at those times. This change was partially reversed on 25 April 1998 when the 137 was re-introduced on Sundays and evenings, becoming a daily service between Steatham Hill and Oxford Circus again. At the same time, the 137A was revised to run daily between Crystal Palace and Clapham Common. As suffixed route numbers had "gone out of fashion", this service was re-numbered 417 as from 18 September 1999.

The Routemaster buses which had been working on the 137 since 1 November 1964, were eventually replaced by one-person operated vehicles as from 10 July 2004 ending a remarkable forty years of service on the 137.

Current routeEdit

Route departing Oxford CircusEdit

Route departing Streatham HillEdit

  • Streatham Hill Telford Avenue
  • Streatham Hill
  • Streatham Place
  • Atkins Road
  • King's Avenue
  • Clapham Park Road
  • Clapham Common Station
  • Clapham Common South Side
  • Long Road
  • Clapham Common North Side
  • Cedars Road
  • Queenstown Road
  • Queenstown Road Station
  • Battersea Park Station
  • Queen's Circus
  • Chelsea Bridge
  • Chelsea Bridge Road
  • Lower Sloane Street
  • Sloane Square for Sloane Square Station
  • Sloane Street
  • Knightsbridge Station
  • Knightsbridge
  • Hyde Park Corner Station
  • Park Lane
  • Cumberland Gate
  • Tyburn Way
  • Marble Arch Station
  • Oxford Street
  • Selfridges for Bond Street Station
  • Oxford Circus Station
  • Oxford Circus Regent Street

Previous route 137s in LondonEdit

The route number 137 had been used four times prior to its current use.

There were also in London:

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


List of bus routes in London

1-99 | 100-199 | 200-299 | 300-399 | 400-499 | 500-599 | 600-699 | Letter prefix | Night only

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