|35px London Buses|
|Vehicle||Alexander Dennis Enviro 400|
|Length||8 miles (13 km)|
|Frequency||About every 10 minutes|
|Journey time||41-76 minutes|
|Day||5:00am until 1:00am|
|Night||No night service|
|Adult single fares|
| † peak vehicle requirement|
Transport for London •
The history of the current route 4 dates back to 26 August 1912, when a route 4 was introduced between Finsbury Park station and Elephant & Castle via Highbury, St Pauls and Blackfriars Bridge. This was the fourth time the route number 4 had been carried by a motorbus route.
During the 1920s, the 4 was further extended from Bermondsey to Greenwich (Church Street), but this did not last and the southern terminus of the route had reverted to Bermondsey by the early 1930s. Between 1924 and 1934, a 4A and 4B were in operation, but only as short workings of the whole route which used the plain 4.
East and south east London had seen severe bombing during 1940 and 1941. This had led to decline in demand for buses in that area. London Transport responded by withdrawing the 4 after service on 27 October 1942. Leaving the 4A on its own until 11 October 1950 when the 4 was re-introduced between Finsbury Park and Bermondsey, being extended to Surrey Docks in 1951.
The "busmans Strike of 1958" was responsible for the loss of very large numbers of passengers on London's buses. London Transport reacted to this situation and the looming financial losses by withdrawing many routes, in a three staged plan during 1958/59. The 4A was one of many routes withdrawn after service on 19 August 1958.
The replacement of London trolleybuses got underway in 1959. On 8 November 1961 the 4 became involved, when as stage 12 of the "buses for trolleybuses" scheme, a new 4A was introduced on Monday to Friday between Finsbury Park and Waterloo. The new route didn't directly replace trolleybuses, but covered sections of two withdrawn routes, the 48 and 179. By the mid-1960s, the 4 and 4A together, actually provided a service over and above what was needed on most sections. The 4 was gradually reduced, being totally withdrawn on 31 December 1966, leaving the 4A alone once more.
On 25 September 1993 London Suburban Bus took over all operation of this route with Leyland Titans.
On 27 April 1996 MTL London (Metroline) took over all operation of this route, and have done so ever since.
Previous route 4s in LondonEdit
The route number 4 had been used three times prior to its current use.
- In 1906 - 1909 for a Gospel Oak,* Oxford Circus,* King's Cross,* Wormwood Scrubs,* Shepherds Bush,* <to> Putney,* Tooting,* Wandsworth, Brixton,* Herne Hill* route. *Termini varied
- In 1910 - 1911 for a Stonebridge Park <to> Elephant & Castle route.
- In 1911 for a Holloway <to>' Elephant & Castle route.
There were also in London :-
- Between 1913 - 1951 a Victoria Embankment <to> Wimbledon Tram route 4.
- During the General Strike in May 1926 a circular route 4 which operated Harlesden <to> Tottenham Court Road - Bank - Marble Arch - Harlesden.
- Between 1932 - 1935 a Wimbledon <to> Hampton Court Trolleybus route 4.
|List of bus routes in London|