National Express Dundee has its origins in the Dundee and District Tramways Company, which commenced horse tram operations on August 30, 1877. Steam traction was adopted in 1885. On June 1, 1899 the company was compulsorily acquired by the local municipality to become Dundee City Tramways. The system was electrified between 1900 and 1902. From 1922 motor buses began to be operated in addition to the trams. The tram system continued to be extended until 1933, but was finally abandoned on October 21, 1956. Buses replaced the trams, and the department changed its name to Dundee Corporation Transport.