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Southeastern
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Franchise(s):Integrated Kent Franchise
4 January 2006 - 31 March 2014
Main region(s):Greater London, Kent
Other region(s):East Sussex
Fleet size:402
Stations called at:179
National Rail abbreviation:SE
Parent company:Govia (Go-Ahead Group / Keolis)
Web site:www.southeasternrailway.co.uk/

Southeastern is a train operating company in south-east England. On 1 April 2006 it became the franchisee for the new Integrated Kent Franchise (IKF), replacing the publicly-owned South Eastern Trains on the former South East Franchise. It serves the commuter routes to south-east London, most of Kent, and parts of East Sussex.

Overview Edit

Southeastern serves the main London stations of Charing Cross, Victoria, Blackfriars, Cannon Street, London Bridge, Waterloo East and recently St Pancras. The Southeastern network has a route mileage of 540, with 179 stations. About 70% of its services run to and from London.[1]

It is owned by Govia, a joint venture between Go-Ahead Group and Keolis, which also operates the neighbouring Southern franchise, which overlaps with Southeastern in some areas. The company's formal name, under which it mounted its bid for the franchise, is London and South Eastern Railway (LSER). Although it continued to use the logo and livery of its predecessor for its first year of operations, a new company logo was adopted early in 2007; stations and some trains have been repainted in the new corporate colour scheme. The managing director is Charles Horton, formerly MD of sister company Southern.

History of the franchise Edit

Since the privatisation of British Rail, the franchise to run trains in this area has been held by three different companies. The first company to win the South-Eastern Franchise, on 14 October 1996, was Connex, which operated it under the name Connex South Eastern. Connex gained a reputation for unreliable services, but it was for "poor financial management" that its franchise was cut short by the Strategic Rail Authority (SRA) on 9 November 2003.[2] Train services were then taken over by South Eastern Trains, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the SRA/Department for Transport created for the purpose, until bidding for a new franchise was due. This would see the existing South-Eastern franchise combined with the new high-speed services to be operated on High Speed 1 (formerly known as the Channel Tunnel Rail Link) to form a new Integrated Kent Franchise (IKF).[3]

The opening of the second phase of High Speed 1 in November 2007 made available train paths on the traditional network previously used by Eurostar, allowing Southeastern to increase certain services in December 2007.[4] In December 2008, as part of the franchise agreement, responsibility for the Redhill to Tonbridge Line was handed over to Southern. Southeastern high-speed services began full service on 14 December 2009.[5]

In March 2009 the bay platforms at London Blackfriars closed for reconstruction as part of the Thameslink Programme. Southeastern services previously terminating at Blackfriars, mostly from Sevenoaks via the Catford loop, were extended to Kentish Town, St Albans, Luton or Bedford.[6] As a result of this change, Southeastern now operates these services jointly with First Capital Connect using 20 dual-voltage Class 319 sets (which remain in FCC livery) as well as newly built Class 377 Electrostars.[7]

Southeastern sub-areasEdit

Southeastern has named parts of its network either Highspeed (grey), Mainline (green) or Metro (pink) and coloured its network map accordingly.

HighspeedEdit

File:Class 395 Javelin STP 003.jpg

Southeastern[8] introduced a full timetable of domestic high-speed services branded Southeastern Highspeed over High Speed 1 between London St Pancras and Ashford International on 13 December 2009, although public preview services had been running since 29 June 2009. High-speed trains use High Speed 1 calling at Stratford International and Ebbsfleet International. Trains from London to the Medway towns and Faversham leave the high-speed line at Ebbsfleet and continue via the North Kent line and Chatham Main Line. Trains for Dover Priory and Margate via Ashford International leave the high-speed line at Ashford.

When bidding for the franchise, Southeastern made a point of advertising part-owner SNCF's experience operating integrated high-speed train services on the French TGV network.[9] A fleet of 29 six-coach Shinkansen-derived high-speed 'A-trains' were built in Japan by Hitachi for this route.[10] Known as Class 395, this was Hitachi's first train sale in Britain. The colour scheme for the high-speed trains is dark blue. The services are marketed as Southeastern Highspeed and the trains will be named after British personalities associated with speed.[11][12]

At the same time there was the largest change to the timetable in the area in 40 years. With the fast trains now travelling over High Speed 1, the Charing Cross to Ashford stopping service was extended to Dover, Canterbury and Ramsgate.

MainlineEdit

File:NewCross-375913-01.jpg

Southeastern[13] is the key operator for Kent, and also serves East Sussex. 'Mainline' services connect central London with Dover, Folkestone, Hastings, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Ramsgate, Chatham, Maidstone and Canterbury. The backbone fleet on these services is the Template:BRC Electrostar, although the Template:BRC/9 is also used.

In December 2009 Southeastern saw 'Highspeed' trains stopping at 'Mainline' stations, and some longer timings on 'Mainline' services as trains called at more stations. Services to Tonbridge were maintained at six trains per hour off-peak, two per hour going forward to Ashford and beyond, two per hour to Hastings, and two per hour to Tunbridge Wells. With high-speed services reaching Faversham, the half-hourly Victoria to Faversham stopping service was replaced with an hourly service to Gillingham and additional stops on the "fast" services to London Victoria. On the Maidstone East Line, services from London Cannon Street to Ashford International via Maidstone East and from London Victoria to Maidstone East and to Canterbury West via Ashford were replaced by a half-hourly Victoria to Ashford service. The Strood to Paddock Wood service was extended to Tonbridge.

Metro Edit

File:Gb-emudc-465244-Victoria.jpg

Southeastern[14] serves south-east and south London, its central stations being London Blackfriars, London Bridge, London Charing Cross, London Cannon Street, London Victoria and Waterloo East. 'Metro' trains serve Greenwich, New Cross, Lewisham, Dartford, Gravesend, Hayes, Peckham Rye, Bromley South, Orpington and Sevenoaks, and also run a joint service with First Capital Connect Thameslink route with a service from Sevenoaks via Catford to Kentish Town or further north. Trains change company operation at London Blackfriars. Southeastern runs Template:BRC Electrostar, Template:BRC & Template:BRC Networkers for 'Metro' services, although a Class 375 Electrostar is used on occasion.

On New Year's Eve, some Metro services operate all through the night.

Current routes Edit

Current off-peak services. Originating from central London, these services are:[15]

Other services include;

In addition to the above, there are peak-only routes, including:


Notes

  1. Worked north of Blackfriars by First Capital Connect. Weekend trains terminate at Victoria instead.

Future expansion Edit

Olympic Javelin Shuttle Edit

The Olympic Javelin[16] or Javelin[17][18] is a planned high-speed train shuttle service announced as part of the successful London 2012 Olympic bid. It is an integral part of the plan to improve public transport in London in readiness for the 2012 Summer Olympics, an area of the bid that was initially regarded as being poor by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).[citation needed]

The service will run for the duration of the games, between St Pancras International station and Ebbsfleet International station, via Stratford International station, which is within the planned Olympic Park.[19] The British Olympic Association applied to register Javelin as a UK trademark on 19 July 2005 and this was granted on 2 June 2006.[20] The service is to be operated by Southeastern on High Speed 1 using the fleet of Class 395 trains, and because of this the class is sometimes referred to as the Javelin.[21][22]

With a train every six minutes, the journey from St Pancras will take seven minutes.[16] At St Pancras there will be interchange with the Underground and with trains to/from the Midlands, Scotland, and the North of England. For track capacity reasons, Eurostar trains, which have never called at Stratford, will continue not to do so during the games, so spectators arriving from the Continent will change at Ebbsfleet.[19] The planned suspension of Southeastern Highspeed services during the Games is to be reviewed.[23] It is expected that over 80% of Olympic spectators will travel to and from the venues by rail. Services to the Olympic Park are planned to have a total capacity of 240,000 travellers per hour, some 25,000 of which will use the Javelin service.

Thameslink ProgrammeEdit

By the conclusion of the Thameslink Programme in 2015, it is planned that the current off-peak services from Sevenoaks via Bat and Ball will be joined by trains from Orpington together with trains from Maidstone East and Paddock Wood via London Bridge. Services to Dartford are currently discounted due to timetabling reasons. Peak-hour trains are planned from Tunbridge Wells and Paddock Wood via London Bridge together with trains from Maidstone East, Sevenoaks and Orpington via the Catford Loop.[24]

Ticketing Edit

Oyster PAYG is now available from all of its Zones 1-6 stations, apart from journeys on High Speed 1 between St Pancras International and Stratford International.

PerformanceEdit

Figures released by the ORR rate punctuality at 86.0% (PPM) over the fourth quarter of financial year 2009/10, and 89.5% moving annual average (MAA) for the 12 months up to 31 March 2010.[25]

Rolling stock Edit

Southeastern operates a fleet of about 322 trains, all of which are electrical multiple units.

Current fleet Edit

Southeastern has, from the 22 March 2009 timetable change, started to operate Class 319 dual-voltage units shared with First Capital Connect (FCC) to operate most services via London Blackfriars as part of the Thameslink programme. Southeastern operates the service south of Blackfriars, FCC taking over their operation north thereof. This restored services that initially operated when the Thameslink route was opened in the late 1980s. Southeastern will also share some of the 23 new dual-voltage Class 377 units bound for the Thameslink route.[26]

 Class  Image  Top speed   Number  Cars per set  Routes operated   Built 
 mph   km/h 
Class 375 Electrostar 100px 100 160 147 3/4 Mainline and limited Metro routes. 1999–2001
Class 376 Suburban Electrostar 100px 75 120 36 5 Metro routes 2004–2005
Class 395 Javelin 100px 140 225 29 6 High Speed 1 services 2006–2009
Class 465 Networker 100px 75 120 147 4 Metro and limited Mainline routes. 1991–1994
Class 466 Networker 100px 75 120 43 2 Metro and limited mainline routes+ metro/mainline branches 1993–1994

Past fleetEdit

The arrangement with First Capital Connect for the services via Thameslink, coupled with the transfer of some routes to Southern, has allowed Southeastern to withdraw its small fleet of Class 508 EMUs and replace them with Networker stock cascaded from other services.

 Class   Image   Top speed   Number   Cars per set   Routes operated   Built   Notes 
 mph   km/h 
Class 508/2 100px 75 120 12 3 Rural routes (mainly branches) 1979–1980 Withdrawn 2008

DiagramsEdit

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See also Edit

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References Edit

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  1. Company information, Southeastern, 2010.
  2. Template:Cite news
  3. Integrated Kent Franchise Stakeholder Briefing Document. Department for Transport. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.[dead link]
  4. Template:Cite press release
  5. Template:Cite news
  6. Train times 22 March - 16 May 2009 Thameslink route. First Capital Connect. Retrieved on 20 March 2009.[dead link]
  7. Template:Cite news
  8. Highspeed services. Southeastern. Retrieved on 5 June 2010.
  9. Vision for Southeastern. Govia. Retrieved on 17 September 2009.
  10. Template:Cite press release
  11. Template:Cite press release
  12. Template:Cite news
  13. Mainline services. Southeastern. Retrieved on 5 June 2010.
  14. Metro services. Southeastern. Retrieved on 5 June 2010.
  15. Southeastern: 13 December 2009 timetables
  16. 16.0 16.1 £20m bullet trains to serve Olympic Park (28 October 2004). Archived from the original on 19 October 2007. Retrieved on 13 December 2008.[dead link]
  17. Template:Cite news
  18. Our plans: Getting ready - London 2012. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved on 13 December 2008.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Transport Plan for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games – first edition (PDF), 64. Retrieved on 13 December 2008. 
  20. Intellectual Property Office - Case details for Trade Mark 2397248. Retrieved on 13 December 2008.
  21. Template:Cite news
  22. Template:Cite news[dead link]
  23. (October 2007) Transport Plan for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games: Consulation report. Olympic Delivery Authority, 29. Retrieved on 17 December 2008. 
  24. Network Rail (2009). Kent RUS Draft. Retrieved on 31 October 2009.
  25. National Rail Trends Chapter 2. ORR.
  26. Template:Cite news[dead link]

External links Edit

Template:S-new
Preceded by
South Eastern Trains
South Eastern franchise
Operator of Integrated Kent franchise
2006 — present
Incumbent