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Whitechapel
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File:Whitechapel station.jpg

Entrance on Whitechapel Road

LocationWhitechapel
Local authorityLondon Borough of Tower Hamlets
Managed byLondon Underground
OwnerTransport for London
Station codeZWL
Number of platforms6
Fare zone2

London Underground annual entry and exit
200611.453 million[1]
200712.427 million[2]
200811.55 million[3]

1876Opening of ELR station
1884Opening of MDR station
1902Rebuilding of MDR station
1995–1998East London Line closed
2007–2010East London Line closed
27 April 2010[4]East London Line reopens

Lists of stations*DLR
External links*Departures
  • Layout
  • Facilities
  • Buses
  • Template:Portal-inline
    Template:Portal-inlineCoordinates: 51°31′08″N 0°03′40″W / 51.519°N 0.061°W / 51.519; -0.061

    Whitechapel is a London Underground and London Overground station on Whitechapel Road in the Whitechapel neighbourhood of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets in east London, England. The station is located on the east–west tracks shared by the District line and Hammersmith and City line and is on the north–south route of the East London Line. The station was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service with the full service starting on 23 May 2010. It is planned that Whitechapel will be a station on the Crossrail service. It is in London fare zone 2.

    HistoryEdit

    File:Whitechapel tube station 1896.jpg

    Whitechapel station was originally opened in 1876 when the mainline East London Railway (ELR, now the East London Line) was extended north from Wapping to Liverpool Street station. The ELR owned the tracks and stations but did not operate trains. From the beginning various railway companies provided services through Whitechapel including the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR), the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR) and the South Eastern Railway (SER). Later the Great Eastern Railway (GER) added services.

    On 6 October 1884 the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR, now the District Line) opened a new station adjacent to the deeper ELR station as the terminus of an extension from Mansion House (part of the extension also formed the final section of the Circle Line). The new station was given the name Whitechapel (Mile End). The ELR passenger service between Whitechapel and Liverpool Street was withdrawn in 1885. The station received its present name on 13 November 1901.

    On 1 February 1902 the MDR station was temporarily closed for rebuilding. It reopened on 2 June 1902 when the MDR opened the Whitechapel & Bow Railway, a joint venture with the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LT&SR). The new extension ran eastwards to Bromley-by-Bow where it joined the LT&SR's tracks. MDR services then operated regularly to Upminster and as far as Southend-on-Sea in the summer.

    The MDR tracks were electrified in 1905 and electric trains replaced steam trains. Services going eastwards were cut back to the limit of electrification at East Ham and later re-extended to Barking in 1908 and Upminster 1932.[5] On 3 December 1906 the Metropolitan Railway (MR, now the Metropolitan Line / Hammersmith & City Line) extended its service to Whitechapel as the eastern terminus of its service.

    The MR also ran trains over the southern section of ELR via a connection (the St Mary's curve) between the MDR tracks west of Whitechapel and the ELR tracks north of Shadwell station. When, in 1913, the tracks of the ELR were electrified it ended services to the MDR station and extended its ELR service through Whitechapel to Shoreditch (then the terminus of the line but now closed) The change of service took place on 31 March 1913.

    On 30 March 1936 the Metropolitan Line began operating again through the District Line station as far as Barking. The Metropolitan Line service is now operated as the Hammersmith & City Line.

    On 25 March 1995 the East London Line was closed to allow repair works on the Thames Tunnel. General renovations and new signalling works were undertaken at the same time. The line reopened south from Whitechapel on 25 March 1998 and north from Whitechapel on 27 September 1998.

    Whitechapel acted as the eastern terminus for some Hammersmith & City Line trains, particularly at weekends and outside peak hours but from the December 2009 timetable, trains will reverse alternately at Plaistow and Barking.

    St Mary's CurveEdit

    The St Mary's curve connection between the District Line track and the East London Line was used for passenger traffic until 1941 but was subsequently only used to transfer empty trains to and from the other sub-surface lines. The curve was often lit and could easily be seen from the left-hand side of East London Line trains entering Whitechapel station from the south, prior to refurbishment of the East London line commencing late December 2007. The points on the District Line, connecting it to the curve, were removed in summer 2008. Also just west of Whitechapel is the former St Mary's station, one of the many closed London Underground stations.

    East London Line extensionEdit

    In preparation for the future extension of the East London Line to Dalston Junction and Highbury & Islington, the line north of Whitechapel to Shoreditch was closed on 9 June 2006. Services to Shoreditch had previously been run during peak hours and Sunday mornings only and services have been replaced by a bus link.

    Work on the extension of the East London Line commenced and the line closed on 22 December 2007 and reopened on 27 April 2010 when new tracks on a new alignment were connected to a disused North London Line viaduct from Shoreditch to Dalston. It is now part of the new London Overground network. Temporary bus services operated during the closure, of which rail replacement route ELW remained in service until the ELL fully opened on 23rd May 2010. Whitechapel has the odd situation where the District and Hammersmith & City Line London Underground platforms are above the East London Line London Overground platforms.

    DesignEdit

    File:Whitechapel stn east.JPG
    File:Whitechapel East London Line platforms.JPG

    The station consists of six platforms in open cuttings north of Whitechapel Road. The Hammersmith & City and District Lines have two eastbound and two westbound (although trains can reverse back in the opposite direction from any platform during times of disruption or engineering work). The East London Line has one north and southbound (which closed at end of service on 22 December 2007). The East London Line tracks are at the eastern end of the station and are in a deeper cutting. There is a siding beside platform 4 track accessed from the east side of the station which can accept either 6 car C or D stock train. There is another siding from platform 1 eastbound. This is of sufficient length and signalled to hold only a six car C stock train and should be noted that when it is holding a train the platform (one) may only be used as a terminal, to reverse trains east to west, not as a through platform.

    LocationEdit

    Nearby places of interest include the Royal London Hospital, the Blind Beggar public house, and the former Wickham's department store. There are also many tours in this area focusing on the Jack the Ripper murders. The station is served by London bus route 25, 106, 205, 254, D3 and night route N253.

    FutureEdit

    Crossrail will call at Whitechapel. Eastbound services will be split into two branches after leaving the station. Preliminary work has begun to create the interchange between Crossrail and the East London Line with subways being constructed. The Crossrail platforms will lie to the north of the existing station, with access being via escalators down from the District and Hammersmith & City Line platforms. To widen the platforms to make this possible, the currently complex track layout will be radically simplified leaving only two simple through tracks where platform 1 and platform 4 are, and one large island platform in the middle[6]. A new centre reversing siding began construction in June 2010 beyond West Ham to compensate and from the December 2009 timetable Hammersmith and City trains are not scheduled to reverse at Whitechapel and in the off peak will reverse alternately at Plaistow and Barking.

    GalleryEdit

    London UndergroundEdit

    London OvergroundEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    External linksEdit

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    </td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #007229"></td> <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">District line</td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #007229"></td>

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    Shoreditch High Street
    towards Dalston Junction
      East London Line   Shadwell
    towards New Cross, West Croydon,
    or Crystal Palace
        Future Development    

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    <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">Crossrail
    Line 1
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    Line 1
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        Disused Railways    

    <tr style="text-align: center;"> <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 1px #aaa solid; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">Terminus </td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #{{{{{system}}} color|{{{line}}}}}"></td> <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">{{{{{system}}} lines|{{{line}}}}}</td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #{{{{{system}}} color|{{{line}}}}}"></td><td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-left: 1px #aaa solid; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid;">Terminus </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: center;">

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    </td> <td rowspan="1" style="border-left: 0px none; border-bottom: 0px none; border-right: 0px none; border-top: 1px #aaa solid; width: 8px; background-color: #FF6600"></td> <td rowspan="1" style="vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 0px none;">East London line
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    ar:وايت تشابل (محطة مترو أنفاق لندن)

    de:Bahnhof Whitechapel fr:Whitechapel (métro de Londres) gan:懷杜且泊站 ka:უაიტჩეპლი (მეტროსადგური) nl:Station Whitechapel no:Whitechapel stasjon sk:Whitechapel (stanica metra) zh:白教堂站

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